Facebook opens Internet.org to developers

Facebook has invited developers to write new sites, services apps for its Internet.org platform in an attempt to boost the numbers of people in emerging markets connecting to the internet.
The decision has drawn criticism from online activists in India who expressed concern over the social network’s control over all data accessed on the service, saying it violated the principles of an open web.
Internet.org offers free access via mobile phones to pared-down web services, focused on job listings, agricultural information, healthcare and education, as well as Facebook’s own social network and messaging services.
It has been launched in nine countries in Africa, Latin America and Asia, including India, bringing over 8 million people online, said Chris Daniels, vice president of product for Internet.org, who was in New Delhi to speak with partners and operators.
The platform will be open to all developers who meet certain guidelines, including that they produce content that can be browsed on both basic mobile phones as well as smartphones and is accessible in limited bandwidth situations, Facebook said.
The U.S. company partnered with Reliance Communications to launch the project in India in February.
But a number of e-commerce firms and content developers pulled out of the service after activists claimed it violated principles of net neutrality – the concept that all websites on the internet are treated equally.
Nikhil Pahwa, volunteer with pro-net neutrality campaign group savetheinternet.in, said the service would cause a permanent shift in the way the internet works.
“Did we give unlimited free calls to people so that more people start making calls? So why this almost patronising approach to the Internet. You’re effectively disadvantaging other companies and broader usage of the web,” said Pahwa, who is also the founder of Medianama.com, a New Delhi-based digital media publication.
Daniels said Internet.org was open to mobile operators and involved no payments, either to or from the developers.
“The principles of neutrality must co-exist with programs that also encourage bringing people online,” he told Reuters.
Facebook chief executive Mark Zuckerberg said in a video post: “Access equals opportunity. Net neutrality should not prevent access. We need both, it’s not an equal Internet if the majority of people can’t participate.”

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